- weight1 W2S1 [weıt] n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(amount somebody/something weighs)¦2¦(how fat)¦3¦(heaviness)¦4¦(heavy thing)¦5¦(worry)¦6¦(importance)¦7¦(amount)¦8¦(for measuring quantities)¦9¦(for sport)¦10 throw your weight about/around11 throw your weight behind somebody/something12 pull your weight13 take the weight off your feet▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[: Old English; Origin: wiht]1.) ¦(AMOUNT SOMEBODY/SOMETHING WEIGHS)¦ [U and C]how heavy something is when you measure it▪ The average weight of a baby at birth is just over seven pounds.in weight▪ fish that are over two kilos in weightby weight▪ Fruit and vegetables are sold by weight.2.) ¦(HOW FAT)¦[U]how heavy and fat someone is▪ You shouldn't worry about your weight.▪ He put on weight when he was at university.▪ She's lost a lot of weight recently.▪ He was having to watch his weight for the first time in his life.▪ How have you kept your weight down ?▪ Sara's convinced she has a weight problem .▪ a sudden large weight gain3.) ¦(HEAVINESS)¦[U]the fact that something is heavy▪ The weight of her boots made it hard for Sue to run.▪ I didn't know if the bridge would support our weight .under the weight of sth▪ Karen staggered along under the weight of her backpack.4.) ¦(HEAVY THING)¦something that is heavy▪ I can't lift heavy weights because of my bad back.5.) ¦(WORRY)¦something that causes you a lot of worry because you have to deal with itweight of▪ She felt a great weight of responsibility.▪ families who are crumbling under the weight of increasing debt▪ Selling the house is a weight off my mind (=something that no longer causes a lot of worry) .6.) ¦(IMPORTANCE)¦[U]if something has weight, it is important and influences people▪ She knew that her opinion carried very little weight .give/add weight to sth▪ This scandal adds more weight to their arguments.7.) ¦(AMOUNT)¦weight of stha large amount of something▪ The weight of evidence is that unemployment leads to all sorts of health problems.▪ The weight of public opinion is behind the teachers.▪ They won the battle by sheer weight of numbers (=very large numbers of people) .8.) ¦(FOR MEASURING QUANTITIES)¦a piece of metal that weighs an exact amount and is balanced against something else to measure how much the other thing weighs9.) ¦(FOR SPORT)¦a piece of metal that weighs an exact amount and is lifted by people as a sport▪ I've been lifting weights since I was 18.10.) throw your weight about/around informalto use your position of authority to tell people what to do in an unpleasant and unreasonable way11.) throw your weight behind sb/sthto use all your power and influence to support someone or something▪ The US has thrown its weight behind the new leader.12.) pull your weightto do your full share of work▪ He accused me of not pulling my weight.13.) take the weight off your feet informalused to tell someone to sit down▪ Come in, take the weight off your feet.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬COLLOCATES for sense 2put on/gain weight (=get fatter)lose weight (=get thinner)watch your weight (=try not to get fatter, by eating the correct foods)get/keep your weight down also get/keep the weight off (=become thinner or stay thin)weight problem (=a tendency to be too fat)weight gain/lossweight control (=ways of not getting too fat)somebody's ideal weight▬▬▬▬▬▬▬weight 2weight2 v [T]1.) also weight downto fix a heavy object to something in order to keep it in placeweight sth (down) with sth▪ The fishing nets are weighted down with lead.2.) to change something slightly so that you give more importance to particular ideas or peopleweight sth in favour of sb/sth▪ There is always a temptation to weight the report in favour of the option you want.
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.